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1675 -1783 Peace and Friendship Treaties: Mi’kmaq negotiated a series of significant treaties.1713 Louisbourg built 1740 Mi’kmaq traded moose hide with French 1749 Governor Cornwallis brought 2500 settlers to Mi’kmaq lands in NS.1911 Indian Act Large scale expropriation of Mi’kmaq lands and forced removal of Mi’kmaq residents.1914-18 Mi’kmaq serve in WWI 1927 Indian Act forbids speaking of Mi’kmaq 1930s Depression: Mi’kmacs were like numerous poor whites who struggled through unemployment, poverty and disease. Residential schools, like Shubenacadie using aggressive assimilation strategies and abuse caused intergenerational damage.Time Immemorial: Mi’kmac textile industry, quillwork, splint baskets, woven rugs, continues throughout centuries.Mi’kmaq spirituality prior to conversion to Christianity included prayers, fasting, chanting, and praising Kisulkip.
1969 White Paper called for assimilation of all First Nations peoples, the abrogation of their treaties, end of land claims, Trudeau rejected the White Paper in 1970.1899 Mi’kmaq language is one of world’s richest in vocabulary (Rand 1899) Oyster fishing, Mi’kmaq attempt farming but aggressive expropriation of land curtails success.Lennox Island projects include cultivated blueberry farming. 1900 Rocky Point children are refused access to education because their parents have TB.1987 Grand Council of Mi’kmaq confirmed that pre-Confederation treaty ensured Mi’kmaq separate national identity and right to self-government 1990 Federal and provincial governments were shamed internationally when South African anti-apartheid leader gave a scathing review of his visit to a remote First Nations community 1990 Determined, informed, sophisticated and resourceful aboriginal leaders shifted the balance of power between the federal and aboriginal peoples through a brilliant strategy that led to the failure of the Meech Lake Accord. 1990s University educated First Nations lead protests at Oka 1992 Mi’kmaq visual artists contributed strong political statements through art at NGCand MCC exhibitions.
1993 Mi’kmaq hold Art as Healing Symposium 1993-4 United Nations scathing report on Canadian human rights records vis-à-vis First Nations 1994 Mi’kmaq self-government proposed 1994 Declaration of Rights of Indigenous Peoples drafted at United Nations c. Quebec Provincial Police, Federal fisheries officers waged war on Mi’kmaq fishers at Restigouche, Eel River, Burnt Chruch 1995-6 RCAP examined historical and contemporary tensions concerning relations between Aboriginal Peoples of Canada and settlers.1750 Mi’kmaq used sealskin for gun cases, had silver buckles 1756-63 Treaty of Paris ended Seven Years War with a British victory.